General Situation

At the establishment of Ningxia as an autonomous region in 1958, the educational system was fairly underdeveloped and inadequate to meet the needs of the population. At that time, there was not a single university in the province. Since then, however, there has been a steady trend of continuous progress in developing a stronger educational system.

As of 2000, Ningxia has set up five colleges and universities, with a total of 17,163 students enrolled and 1,894 teachers. In addition, the region has set up 74 secondary vocational schools with 41,719 students and 3,532 teachers, 433 middle schools with 318,308 students and 20,145 teachers, and 3,267 primary schools with 657,352 pupils and 34,694 teachers.

In addition to increasing the standards of higher education and vocational education for adults, the province has also established a high enrollment rate of school age children of 97.26 percent. The nine-year compulsory education reform was made possible in 16 counties throughout the region, covering 68.3 percent of the population. The goal of eliminating illiteracy among the young and middle-aged population in the region has also been attained. Recently, the People's Republic of China government has initiated a "revitalize the northeast" campaign, which seeks to improve both the education and economic systems of many of the provinces in northeast China. It is very likely that these policies will also improve the education system in Ningxia, adding even greater results to the already positive current trends.

Ningxia University

Ningxia University was built in 1958, the result of a joint effort between the government of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and the Chinese Ministry of Education. This higher-education institution was one of the focal points of China's "211 Projects" initiative. The campus sits in Yinchuan, a city of long history, beautiful scenery, and historic culture. Ningxia University currently made up of 24 schools, encompassing 70different undergraduate disciplines, spanning the 10 fields of philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history, natural science, engineering, agriculture, and management. It has 5 first-level doctoral programs, 23 second-level doctoral programs, 26 first-level masters programs, 152 second-level masters programs, and accreditations for 5 specialized masters programs.

Ningxia University is one of the first higher-education institutions approved by the Chinese Ministry of Education to receive foreign students, with foreign students coming to China able to receive Chinese government scholarships. Associated with China's Confucius Institute, it is the only location in Ningxia approved to administer the HSK (standardized test for Chinese language proficiency). Since 1992,the University has received more than 2000 students from 40 different countries, including South Korea, the United States of America, Japan, Russia, Australia, Norway, Mexico, Sudan, Egypt, Turkey, and Kyrgyzstan. Education of Foreign Students - Program Distinctive Foreign students are eligible to enroll in any academic discipline offered at the University.